Economic Contributions of the Florida Citrus Industry in 2015-16
The Florida citrus industry encompasses a range of economic activities, including fruit production in 27 counties of central and south Florida, fresh fruit grading, packing and shipping to domestic and international markets, fruit processing for juice extraction, and juice packaging for retail distribution. Florida citrus bearing grove area has declined from over 750,000 acres in the year 2000 to around 435,000 acres in 2016, a reduction of 42 percent, while production volume utilized has declined by 68 percent, primarily due to losses from citrus greening disease (also known as Huanglongbing or HLB), which entered the state in 2005.
During the 2015-16 marketing season, 94.2 million boxes of citrus fruit were produced in Florida, including 81.6 million boxes of oranges, 10.8 million boxes of grapefruit, and 1.8 million boxes of specialty citrus, of which 11 percent was sold in the fresh market and 89 percent was utilized for processing. The total grower value of citrus fruit was over $825 million, with fruit for processing valued at nearly $656 million and fruit for fresh consumption valued at nearly $170 million, based on delivered prices. Florida citrus juice processors produced 810 million gallons of citrus juice in 2015-16, with a total producer value of $2.790 billion (free on board [F.O.B.] price basis). Florida citrus processors also produced byproducts of citrus pulp, meal, molasses, and the essential oil d-Limonene, valued at $91 million.
The economic contribution analysis estimated total applicable industry output contributions of $8.632 billion, including $2.118 billion from citrus fruit production, $6.207 billion from citrus juice manufacturing, and $308 million for fresh citrus marketing. The citrus industry supported a total of 45,422 fulltime and part-time jobs in the state. Total value added contributions, estimated at $4.230 billion, represent the industry’s contribution to Gross State Product. Labor income contributions amounted to $2.559 billion, representing earnings by employees and business owners. Total state and local tax contributions of the Florida citrus industry were $271 million. The economic impacts of citrus greening (HLB) over the period 2012-13 through 2015-16 were estimated at a loss of -$4.393 billion in cumulative industry output, or an annual average of $1,098 million, while total value added and employment contributions decreased by an average of -$658 million and 7,945 fulltime and part-time jobs respectively over this period.
Download the full report: Economic Contributions of Florida Citrus Industry in 2015-2016, May 2017, Christa D. Court, Alan W. Hodges, Mohammad Rahmani, Thomas H. Spreen
Download the Executive Summary: Executive Summary - Economic Contributions, Citrus 2015-16
Download a printable version of the infographic: 2015 Citrus Infographic pdf